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Ground Radial Links

Always updating to provide you with only “RF Ground Radial” material

 We have done the work for you!

Through filtered updated searches we have located websites offering only ground radial content saving you your valuable time

In addition to our ever growing exclusive ground radial links, included just below we have been collecting additional sources of RF ground radial information to provide you

This collection for the most part are not links to online material, however they are references to written archived articles from many various sources and are presented  for your continued knowledge and enjoyment

RF GROUND RADIAL MATERIAL:

National Contest Journal MAR/APR 2004,  Maximum-Gain Radial Ground Systems for Vertical Antennas  

73 Magazine page 42, Jan 1964, Well grounded by Richard K4ZGM

December 1976 issue of QST  Ground Radial research by John Stanley, K4ERO

I.R.E. 1937 by Brown, Lewis & Epstein; GROUND SYSTEMS AS A FACTOR IN ANTENNA EFFICIENCY

ARRL Antenna Book 20th edition chapter 3, pages 3-10

QST March 2010 pages 30-33

QST August 1998 page 35 Vertical antenna systems

IRE now IEEE June 1937 page 753 Ground systems in antenna efficiency

QEX May/June 2010 Letters to the editor section

Lots of K3LC info in On4UN’s “Low Band DX’ing

Al Christman K3LC has written many articles  on this subject over the years, in QST, QEX etc.

QEX September/October 2011,  Differences of radials on ground or buried no more than one inch underground article

Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions  Vol: 39 , Issue: 2  1993 , Page(s): 249 – 254 Using elevated radials in conjunction with deteriorated buried-radial ground systems

QEX Jan/Feb 2009 pages 21/25 Ground system experiments for verticals  http://rudys.typepad.com/files/qex-ground-systems-part-1.pdf

QEX Jan/Feb 2009 pages 48-52  http://rudys.typepad.com/files/qex-ground-systems-part-2.pdf

QEX March/April 2009 pages 29-32  http://rudys.typepad.com/files/qex-ground-systems-part-3.pdf

QEX May/June 2009 pages 38-42  http://rudys.typepad.com/files/qex-ground-systems-part-4.pdf

QEX July/August 2009 pages 15-17  http://rudys.typepad.com/files/qex-ground-systems-part-5.pdf

QEX Nov/Dec 2009 pages 19-24  http://rudys.typepad.com/files/qex-ground-systems-part-5.pdf

QEX Jan/Feb 2010 pages 18-19  http://rudys.typepad.com/files/qex-ground-systems-part-7.pdf

K1TTT technical reference on ground radials  http://www.k1ttt.net/technote/w8jirad.html

 

 

 RF GROUND RADIAL LINKS:

http://ncjweb.com/bonus-content/k3lcmaxgainradials.pdf   Maxium Gain Ground Radial Systems for Vertical Antennas by AL Christman K3LC
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php/topic,103906.0.html  Is more radials is more really better? posts include some interesting useful links
http://www.kn5l.net/GroundRadialStudy/  ARRL article vertical antenna ground radial loss study
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php/topic,101928.0.html  Mixing ground & elevated radials together
https://www.fcc.gov/encyclopedia/m3-map-effective-ground-conductivity-united-states-wall-sized-map-am-broadcast-stations  FCC Earth Conductivity map
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php/topic,102979.0.html  Adding ground radials to a dipole?
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php/topic,102192.0.html  Radials over rocky ground
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php/topic,102066.0.html  Using coax for radials
 http://www.qcwa70.org/Ground-Mounted%20Verticals%20v10%20.ppt   Excellent powerpoint Presentation Dispelling Radial Misconceptions with Verticals  
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php/topic,101741.0.html  Using stranded copper clad wire for radials?
http://www.part15.us/forum/part15-forums/radials-ground-mounted-transmitters  From part 15.us Radials for ground mounted transmitters
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php/topic,101760.0.html  Radial connector ring made of copper tubing?
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php/topic,101352.0.html  Shortened radials for a S9-43 antenna
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php/topic,100776.0.html  RF ground conductivity 
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php/topic,100585.0.html  Length of buried radials vs mono-pole height
http://www.antennasbyn6lf.com/files/ground_skin_depth_and_wavelength.pdf   pdf from Rudy N6LF ground skin depth and wavelength in soil
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php/topic,100435.0.html  Delta loop installed over buried radials
http://lists.contesting.com/archives//cgi-bin/namazu.cgi?query=ground+radials&idxname=Topband   This topband user group list has all the ground radial discussion’s you can read
 
http://forums.qrz.com/showthread.php?394220-How-long-do-buried-radials-last&highlight=radial+staple  How long do buried ground wires last…Do you know?
 
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php/topic,99641.0.html  Techniques for ground radial installation
 
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php/topic,99321.0.html  Ground radials for a receiving antenna?
 
https://www.google.com/search?q=GROUND+RADIALS&btnG=Google+Search&domains=W8JI.COM&sitesearch=W8JI.COM  Excellent info from W8JI
 
http://forums.qrz.com/showthread.php?396105-Tip-for-keeping-vertical-antenna-radials-below-grass&highlight=radial+staple  Tips from QRZ for keeping radials below grass level
 
http://forums.qrz.com/showthread.php?453300-Ground-mounted-Vertical-radials&highlight=radial+staple  Radials..What length?…How many?…What kind of wire to use?
 
http://forums.qrz.com/showthread.php?400700-Buried-radials-Insulated-or-Uninsulated&highlight=radial+staple  Insulated vs Bare wire…What is best for RF ground wires!
 
http://www.dh1tw.de/how-to-rapidly-deploy-remove-radials  Radial size & type-a great interesting read from N6BT Array of Light 3rd edition
http://ncjweb.com/bonus-content/k3lcmaxgainradials.pdf  By K3LC, Al Christman..Maximum gain based on number of radials-PDF  chart. Very helpful!
http://forums.qrz.com/showthread.php?434061-Elevated-radials-counterpoise&highlight=radial+staple  Raised vs Ground mounted radials from QRZ
http://www.w0btu.com/Optimum_number_of_ground_radials_vs_radial_length.html  Optimum Ground Radial Wire Length vs Number of Ground Radials
http://www.dh1tw.de/how-to-rapidly-deploy-remove-radials  How to rapidly deploy & remove ground radials
http://www.kb8lfa.com/cgi-bin/radials.tcl  KB8LFA – Radial Calculator  Check it out!
http://www.dellroy.com/W4EF’s-Ham-Radio-Page/Radial_Project/Radial.htm  W4EF’s ground radial layout
http://www.ok1rr.com/index.php/antennas/45-notes-on-ground-systems   OK1RR excellent notes on ground systems
http://www.amgroundsystems.com/services_2013.html  Ground radial systems company-Let them do the work
 
https://www.google.com/search?q=salt+water+effect+on+ground+radials&rls=com.microsoft:en-us:IE-SearchBox&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&sourceid=ie7&rlz=1I7DKUS  radial information overload!
  
http://www.ncjweb.com/k3lcmaxgainradials.pdf   Maxium-gain radial ground systems for vertical antennas from NCJ
 
http://www.smeter.net/grounds/radio-ground-systems.php   Be ready to spend some time here, includes software & programs in relation to RF ground characteristics-very useful
 
http://www.aa5tb.com/efha.html   ground radials in relation to the end fed one half wave antenna
http://www.angelfire.com/md/k3ky/page49.html   Discussion of ground radials related to specific antenna types
 
http://lists.contesting.com/_topband/?contestingsid=c57k640jit5ucudtvs4fd2l0h1   Searchable topband mailing list archives dating back to 1998-hours & hours of information discussions
 
http://www.w0btu.com/Optimum_number_of_ground_radials_vs_radial_length.html   Charts-graphs and additional links-optimum ground radial wire length vs. number of ground radials
 
http://www.ok1rr.com/index.php/antennas/45-notes-on-ground-systems   Great information from OK1RR DX & Contest Page-notes on ground systems
 
http://www.w0btu.com/Optimum_number_of_ground_radials_vs_radial_length.html  Ground radial length vs number of ground radials.
http://www.cvarc.org/tech/antenna_myths/antenna_myths.pdf  Excellent information to read!
http://forums.qrz.com/showthread.php?312489-Ground-Radials-for-an-Inverted-L-Question.-.-.&p=2335805#post2335805  Ground radials for inverted L’s.
 
http://amfone.net/Amforum/index.php?topic=27247.0  The why and how of ground radials.
http://home.comcast.net/~k6mhe/GroundSystems.pdf   Ground systems as a factor in antenna efficiency,
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php/topic,75840.msg520726.html#msg520726   eHam Info on RF ground radials!
 
http://rudys.typepad.com/files/seawater-ground-article.pdf   Vertical ground systems over saltwater.
 http://rudys.typepad.com/files/elevated-ground-systems-article-final-version.pdf  Elevated RF groundradial systems.
http://tiny.cc/fxha1  Google ground radial images hundreds of pictures!
http://lists.contesting.com/_towertalk/2004-10/msg00583.html   Ground Radials the long and short of it
http://www.amfone.net/ECSound/K1JJ16.htm   Vertical radial ground systems
http://www.antennasbyn6lf.com/design_of_radial_ground_systems/   By Rudy N6LF  160 meter radials
http://www.hamuniverse.com/kl7jrgroundingring.html   Heavy duty ground radial systems.
http://www.amazon.com/Short-Vertical-Antenna-Ground-Radial/dp/0943016223  The short vertical & ground radial
http://www.worldwidedx.com/cb-antennas/32383-additional-ground-radials-base-antenna.html  Adding radials to a base antenna
http://www.bencher.com/pdfs/00361ZZV.pdf   Benchers famous “tech-notes” on ground radials
http://www.wb3aal.com/Pages/HF9V.htm   WB3AAL’s Butternut HF9V’s ground radial project
http://www.chem.hawaii.edu/uham/radials.html   Rules of thumb for ground radials…nice site
http://lists.contesting.com/_topband/2007-07/msg00024.html  Ground Radial talk from contesting.com
http://part15.us/node/582   Ground Radials questions and answers
http://www.worldwidedx.com/cb-antennas/32383-additional-ground-radials-base-antenna.html  Adding additional radials to antenna
http://www.vias.org/radioanteng/rae_02_05_02.html   Ground system designs from Radio Antenna Engineering
http://www.eham.net/forums/elmers/134438    Elmers forum at eham.net good info
http://www.antennasbyn6lf.com/   By N6LF need I say more!
http://www.dxzone.com/cgi-bin/dir/jump2.cgi?ID=18658   Why radials? excellent reading by Butternut
http://www.dxzone.com/cgi-bin/dir/jump2.cgi?ID=14922   Short radials by Rudy N6LF
http://www.iw5edi.com/ham-radio/5/  Grounding-is-key-to-good-reception Grounding is the key to good reception by IW5EDI
http://www.dxzone.com/cgi-bin/dir/jump2.cgi?ID=2905   Grounding systems for amateur radio stations
http://www.dxzone.com/cgi-bin/dir/jump2.cgi?ID=19509   SGC’s info on ground radials
http://www.astrosurf.com/luxorion/qsl-radials.htm  Very thorough coverage on the ground radial
http://www.dxzone.com/cgi-bin/dir/jump2.cgi?ID=10623   RF ground systems by Radio Works
http://www.dxzone.com/cgi-bin/dir/jump2.cgi?ID=10901   The radio frequency ground
http://www.dxzone.com/cgi-bin/dir/jump2.cgi?ID=2905   Grounding systems for amateur radio stations by WA6BFH John
http://www.dxzone.com/cgi-bin/dir/jump2.cgi?ID=19719   Radials below 10 MHZ, A good interesting site by SM6EHY
http://www.dxzone.com/cgi-bin/dir/jump2.cgi?ID=13261   Stepp IR Radial Systems
http://www.dxzone.com/cgi-bin/dir/jump2.cgi?ID=10623   RF ground systems from Radio Works, A good Starting Point
http://www.hamcq.com/index.php?_a=viewProd&productId=72   Wire radials by high sierra antennas
http://hamchatforum.lefora.com/2009/11/14/quarter-wave-vertical-antenna/  Quarter wave vertical ground radial
http://hamchatforum.lefora.com/2009/11/15/ground-vs-radials/?utm_source=s&utm_medium=s&utm_campaign=s  Info from Hamchat forum
http://www.amfone.net/ECSound/K1JJ16.htm   Vertical Radial Ground Systems by Tom, K1JJ
http://www.astrosurf.com/luxorion/qsl-radials.htm   The mystery of radials
http://radialstaple.wordpress.com/   All about RF ground radials
http://forums.qrz.com/archive/index.php/t-187713.html   Ground radials how do you?
http://www.worldwidedx.com/cb-antennas/32383-additional-ground-radials-base-antenna.html   Additional ground radials to a base antenna
http://www.eham.net/forums/HomeBrew/4735   Measure the efficiency of a ground radial system
http://k9es.painloss.com/Radial.htm  K9ES 4-Square radial system
http://www.dslreports.com/faq/15725  RF Grounds
http://www.radiobanter.com/archive/index.php/t-81344.html  Wire mesh ground radials
http://physics.princeton.edu/~mcdonald/examples/EM/abbott_pire_40_846_52.pdf  Princeton Physics Dept. RF ground system design
http://blogs.myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=blog.view&friendId=401963247&blogId=499850393  N8CMQ Vertical radial system
http://lists.contesting.com/_topband/2002-04/msg00010.html   Radial wisdom from 160m gurus
http://www.n0hr.com/hamradio/166/10/ham_radio0.htm  N0HR Radial Rings Radials
http://newsgroups.derkeiler.com/Archive/Rec/rec.radio.shortwave/2008-05/msg00468.html  Horizontal Ground Rods?
http://www.wb3aal.com/Pages/HF9V.htm   WB3AAL’S Butternut HF9V Ground Radial Project
http://www.kkbc.com/wswk.htm   Comercial ground radial systems company with great station pictures
http://www.astrosurf.com/luxorion/qsl-radials2.htm  The mystery of ground radials…Good read!
http://tiny.cc/c3h6d  Excellent Info!
http://part15.us/node/2258  A very good read!
http://forums.qrz.com/showthread.php?t=155695  QRZ Ground radial forums
http://forums.qrz.com/showthread.php?t=246867  QRZ  Radial length & TVI?
http://www.radioworks.com/nbgnd.html  Radioworks RF ground systems
http://k9jy.com/blog/2008/06/25/zerofive-antenna-radial-installation/  K9JY Radial installation
http://www.radiobanter.com/showthread.php?t=103242  Vertical ground radial questions and answers
http://lists.contesting.com/archives//html/Antennaware/2010-03/msg00010.html   Antennaware vertical ground radial information
http://lists.contesting.com/archives//html/Antennaware/2010-03/msg00011.html   Installing vertical ground radials
http://tiny.cc/v2wp5  10 pages of ground radial sites
http://www.grahambrock.com/am_ground.htm  AM RF ground systems
http://www.crawfordbroadcasting.com/~cbc/Eng_Files/AM%20Antenna%20Systems.pdf   Very technical information!
http://www.w0btu.com/files/antenna/Optimum_no_of_radials_vs_radial_length.html Optimum ground radial wire length vs. Number of ground radials
http://amfone.net/ECSound/K1JJ16.htm   Opinions and Experiences with Vertical Radial Ground Systems by many amateurs, a good read
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php?action=printpage;topic=61194.0   eHam ground radial forums
http://forums.qrz.com/showthread.php?283651-Radials-am-I-going-in-the-right-direction   QRZ.COM Ground radial fourms
http://forums.qrz.com/showthread.php?282889-Radial-length   Ground radial length discussions
http://forums.qrz.com/showthread.php?286671-How-to-measure-amp-quantify-effectiveness-of-a-ground-counterpoise   How to measure the effectiveness of ground radials

 

http://www.kkbc.com/wswk.htm   Ground radial company
http://lists.contesting.com/archives//html/Towertalk/2011-01/msg00201.html   Ground radial discussions on towertalk site
http://www.smeter.net/grounds/radio-ground-systems.php   Don’t underestimate the importance of a good ground radial system – read!
http://www.grahambrock.com/am_ground.htm  Ground radial system calculator by a broadcast consultant
http://home.centurytel.net/badgerlake/Hamradio/18ht/18-ht.htm   Hy-Tower Radial Install Project
http://www.mattltm.co.uk/2011/09/28/building-a-radial-system/   Ground radial system theory
http://tiny.cc/4umv1  Installing vertical antenna radials
http://forums.qrz.com/showthread.php?291911-Radials-and-hard-ground   QRZ Ground Radial Forums
http://www.ncjweb.com/k3lcmaxgainradials.pdf    Maxium gain ground radials
http://tiny.cc/qsnjw  Topband Archive on radials
http://amfone.net/ECSound/K1JJ16.htm  Radial ground systems (a good read)
http://www.sherweng.com/documents/GroundScreen-sm.pdf   An alternative to a buried radial system
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php?action=search2   Hundreds of RF Ground Radial conversations

 NEW LINKS:

http://www.eham.net/forums/HomeBrew/4735
http://newsgroups.derkeiler.com/Archive/Rec/rec.radio.amateur.antenna/2006-02/msg00380.html
http://www.electronicspoint.com/ground-radials-new-look-t23176.html
http://sci.tech-archive.net/Archive/sci.electronics.design/2004-08/0848.html
http://www.signalengineering.com/ultimate/earth_ground.html  RF ground performance tips
http://www.eham.net/ehamforum/smf/index.php?ehamsid=bf5b74s4p19s3nup0hsv3jpjk3&topic=70691.0  Diameter of radials in verticals
http://www.valcom-guelph.com/products/VGS-36100.html  Valcom RF ground screen
http://www.ok1rr.com/e107_plugins/content/content.php?content.109
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ham-antennas/messages/1601?viscount=100
http://www.comportco.com/~w5alt/antennas/notes/ant-notes.php?pg=21
http://www.hamfesters.org/chiGroundWires.htm
http://newsgroups.derkeiler.com/Archive/Rec/rec.radio.amateur.antenna/2006-01/msg00568.html
http://www.radiobrandy.com/AM-Short-Vertical-ants-2.html
http://www.hamantenna.com/html/hamrwp.html
http://www.w8ji.com/ground_resistance_measurements.htm
http://www.w8ji.com/antennas.htm
http://part15.us/node/582
http://www.eham.net/forums/HomeBrew/4735
http://www.sgcworld.com/radialstechnote.html
http://www.buckmore.com/Ground%20Systems%20-%20Part%20I.html
http://www.worldwidedx.com/cb-antennas/32383-additional-ground-radials-base-antenna-2.html
http://www.shakespeare-military.com/milantennashow.asp?product=120-47
http://search.contesting.com/archives//html/CQ-Contest/2005-08/msg00321.html
http://n2.nabble.com/re-attic-antennas-and-ground-radials-td394829.html
http://www.ycars.org/EFRA/Module%20C/AntVert.htm
http://www.donkeith.com/n4kc/WWII_vertical.htm
http://www.donkeith.com/n4kc/WWII_vertical.htm
http://www.antenna-magic.com/Dual_mo3.htm
http://www.hard-core-dx.com/archive/irca/msg35932.html
http://tiny.cc/h1j2r
http://jh3prr.com/radial.aspx
http://www.radiobanter.com/showthread.php?t=400
http://www.lancejohnsonengineering.com/GP-1.html
http://www.ssca.org/DiscBoard/viewtopic.php?t=2367&start=30&sid=414edaa4b2a207fcfa3f1a52f2b9ba3e
http://www.kkbc.com/ags.htm
http://www.dxportal.com/stats/content/115419-5BTV-radials.html
http://tiny.cc/sc0oj
http://www.dellroy.com/W4EF’s-Ham-Radio-Page/Radial_Project/Radial.htm
http://www.wm5r.org/photos/2001_dxssb_n5tw/foursquare160m_t.jpg
http://alphalpha.us/images/tech/Close_Radials.jpg
http://www.hamfesters.org/chiGroundWires.htm
http://www.hamfesters.org/chiGroundWires.htm#radialmap
http://www.amfone.net/ECSound/K1JJ16.htm
http://www.ncjweb.com/k3lcmaxgainradials.pdf
http://forums.qrz.com/showthread.php?t=176780
http://unix8.sunserver.com/cq/Detail.bok?no=105
http://www.hamuniverse.com/kl7jrgroundingring.html
http://www.radiobooks.com/products/grw1k.htm
http://part15.us/node/1368